Guideline to Chicago Writing Standards

The Chicago writing standards employ among those in history, the arts, literature at their affiliated disciplines. This guideline draws upon the 17th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style to format research papers, footnotes and end-notes, and the bibliography. The Chicago Manual of styles has two methods of citation; the notes and bibliography system which is dominantly used and the author-date system which differs slightly and is preferred for social sciences.

Notes and Bibliography Citation

This standard of writing is preferred for writers in the humanities because it is flexible enough to allow additional comments on the references. This style of citation uses footnotes, end-notes, and bibliography to reference intellectual material.

Footnotes and Endnotes

Each time you reference a source, either directly quoted, paraphrased, or summarized, include a note. A note inserted at the end of the page with the referenced content is a footnote while endnotes are a compilation inserted at the end of every chapter or where the document ends.

In both cases, a superscript number at the end of the quoted, paraphrased, or summarized content is used to link the note to the corresponding bibliographic reference information.

A written work with an accompanying bibliography can exclude the complete citation details in the notes. Where the bibliography is excluded, the first note in each citation should contain complete references to the author, title, and details of publication.

Subsequent citations of the same source of a work accompanied by a bibliography need only include, the author’s surname a shortened title (if word count exceeds four), and page number(s). Works that do not have a bibliography should repeat the complete citation for each new chapter.

Each consecutive citation of the same source can be substituted with the word “Ibid.” ( From Latin ibidem meaning ‘in the same place’).

For notes and bibliography citations, the footnote or endnote is numbered correspondingly with a full-size font.

The Bibliography

The bibliography is an alphabetical compilation of the referenced sources in the work written. It is placed on a stand-alone page at the end of the document before the index. While it includes cited sources, it may also display additional sources for further reference on the content of the work in question.

The citation entries are cited alphabetically on a last name basis. Where the author is not named, the title or a short description may be used.

As mentioned earlier where bibliographic information has already been included in the notes, the bibliography may be omitted.

The Elements of a bibliography

Author names: are inverted, the last name is written first followed by the first name and separated by a comma.

Source titles: book titles and journal titles are written in italics while articles, poetry, and chapter titles are written within quotation marks.

Publication details: including the year the source was published are written after the name of the journal or publisher.

Punctuation:  punctuating the bibliography mainly includes the separating of all the sources’ main elements using periods.

Need Help with an Essay in Chicago?


Looking for help with an assignment in Havard Writing Format? Look no more. Place your order now and find an expert in Havard Writing Format

1. Submit Your Assignment Details

Click the “Write My Essay” button located on the top right of the Paper Help Center Home page and fill in the assignment details to get a price quote.

3. The Writing Process

Upon completion of payment process your order is matched and assigned to one of our writers. Your order will be marked as ‘assigned’ at this point. When the writer completes your assignment, your order will go through editing to ensure you get a Quality Assignment ready for submission.

2. Make Your Payment

Once you submit the login details, complete submission through making payment. Your assignment will be assigned to one of our top writers with the capability of handling your assignment.

4. Download Your Assignment

Once your assignment is ready, login the website and download your assignment. You may request revision upon reviewing of the assignment and rate the writer.

Why choose us?

Confidentiality Guaranteed

We value your privacy and deserve your complete trust. Our privacy guarantee provides you with security in regard to your personal information. We won’t share these details with anyone, for any reason


On-time Delivery

It’s normal to forget an assignment that is due in a few minutes or even hours. Our Professional Team of Writers and 24 Hour Support/Response are always here to help you with an Urgent Essay while at the same time providing you with a High Quality Essay and On time Delivery. Our Team has always been subjected to more tough conditions and have always endured and delivered essays on time.

Plagiarism Free

Our Professional Team of Writers understand and upholds Plagiarism Rules and always work towards presenting Plagiarism Free work in order to achieve High Quality Essays. Additionally, we employ Quality Control tools such as plagiarism and grammar checkers while at the same time a Quality Assurance Team to ensure your assignment is a Plagiarism Free masterpiece ready for submission.

24 Hour Support/Response

At, We have a 24 Hour Support/Response. Our 24 Hour Support/Response Team can be reached through Whatsapp, Facebook, Email or a Phone Call

All types of custom-written materials that are offered by to the customers are exclusively for the purpose of assistance. All these texts are unique and can be further used with proper references only.